By Jen Mannas, PAWS Naturalist

Two special avian patients from PAWS Wildlife Center were returned to the wild last week just in time for the holidays; a Barred Owl and an Anna’s Hummingbird.

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The Barred Owl patient (pictured top) was brought to PAWS after having struck a window. She was found on the ground stunned from the impact.

When she arrived at PAWS she was alert but anemic, not eating on her own, had a very high white blood cell count and was not properly digesting her food.

After several weeks of testing and observations our veterinarian team discovered she was suffering from Aspergillosis.

Aspergillosis is an internal infection caused by a fungus and is very hard to treat in birds.

But luckily for this owl, after a couple weeks of intense treatment, she was eating on her own, her white blood cell count was back to normal and she was on her way to being wild once again.

The Anna’s Hummingbird patient (pictured bottom) was brought to PAWS in early December. This little bird was found on a deck unable to fly.

On intake our rehabilitators found she was very weak but flew after sipping up some nectar.

With no other significant findings she was housed in an outside enclosure for several days to regain her strength before release.

Both of these patients were returned to the wild the week of December 15th. They were both released back to their established territories with the help of the people who found them.


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Found a wild animal? Find out what to do and how PAWS can help.


By Katherine Spink, PAWS Staff

As we celebrate the holiday season, we're thankful for the many hundreds of people who have given a PAWS cat or dog their new start in a loving, forever home. People like Gabrielle, who adopted Barnabas in March of this year. 

What made you decide to adopt from a shelter versus purchase from a breeder?
I've always felt very strongly about adopting animals as opposed to purchasing from a breeder. The two dogs that my family owned were, unfortunately, from backyard breeders. Both had severe health issues and it was very difficult for us all.

One of my favorite quotes sums me up well; 'Saving a dog may not change the world, but for that one dog its world changes forever.' I’ve had people tell me I'm not going to make a difference, but for every animal I help save, I make a difference to them. The difference between life and death. 

How did you first hear about Barnabas?
My friend was looking to adopt a dog. She asked me to help look online, and I stumbled across this handsome Pit Bull type dog. I had just lost my previous dog, an 11 year old 170lbs Saint Bernard, to bone cancer. He was the ‘man of the house’ so to speak, and it just seemed incomplete without that once he passed on. The timing was perfect.

Can't see Barnabas playing with his toy? Try watching on YouTube instead.

What was it that most attracted you to him?
I adore Pit Bull type dogs. They have so much love to give, and they get so much hate in return. At first, the thing that attracted me to him was his looks. A solid, but kind faced dog.

When I met him, he was aloof. The volunteer told me that Barnabas had had a lot of visitors, but none clicked. I understood that he didn’t think this meet and greet was going to lead anywhere. It was hailing, he was cold and just wanted to go inside.

When the rest of my family came back that afternoon to finalize his adoption, the look in Barnabas’ eyes when he saw we came back was the saddest and yet most touching thing I had ever saw. He didn’t think I was coming back. I did.

Tell us about your first journey home and how the “settling in” period went.
Barnabas loves car rides, but the journey home was a bit much for him. He clung to me like velcro, I had to sit in the back seat because he was trying to climb up to the front.

Once we got home, he sniffed around a bit and then climbed on his dog bed and slept the whole night. I live right next to a large expanse of woodland area, so I took him for a walk the next morning.

It honestly didn’t take Barnabas very long to settle in. He caught on to the routine very quickly; walks in the morning, followed by breakfast at 8, then a food coma nap, a lunchtime walk, stuffed Kong in the kennel, training and playtime in the afternoon, dinner at 7, bedtime.

I learned that Barnabas does not like kennels. They scare him, so my vet prescribed some anxiety tincture for him to help with that. That has been our largest hurdle. Training has been a breeze, he’s a social butterfly, and welcomes all that come through my door. We are currently working with a Positive Reinforcement trainer to help with his anxiety toward the kennel.

Does Barnabas have any fur friends at home? 
I have Lola, rescued from Seattle Humane Society in August 2012 when she was just 8 weeks old. I’m convinced that her energy could power an entire house, and she is extremely toy and food motivated.

I have to be honest, I was a little nervous about the introduction. Barnabas is an older fellow and Lola is a bit rude when it comes to greeting other dogs. She loves them, she just never learned how to greet them in a polite manner.

The introduction surpassed all of my expectations, in the best way!

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Lola didn’t rush at Barnabas, and Barnabas respected Lola’s space when she didn’t want to play. It’s like they knew this was the breaking point, if either dog didn’t get along it wasn’t meant to be.

Well, it sure was meant to be because they act like lovestruck teenagers. Barnabas will seek her out just to lay his head on her shoulder. Lola who, before she met Barnabas, was the world’s worst cuddle and introvert, actually enjoys Barnabas cuddling with her. 

What have you experienced together since Barnabas came home?
Barnabas snores louder than a bear in hibernation. I swear one of these days he’ll shake the house down!

He knows the word ‘Bath’ and if he hears it he'll promptly hide under my bed. I am currently desensitizing him toward the bathroom. We have ‘parties’ in there, where he gets lots of praise and treats, sometimes even a stuffed Kong. That seems to be helping quite a bit.

I have a young nephew who sometimes comes over, and Barnabas is in love. His paperwork said that he lived with a 1 year old toddler, which is around how old my nephew is. Barnabas will groom him, and share his toys with him.

He hates water, and looks like a small hippopotamus when he swims. If Lola, who loves water more than life, jumps in the lake Barnabas will pace and bark until she comes back to shore. He’ll groom her and won’t let her out of his sight after that.

Barnabas loves tortilla chips. He is usually an extremely polite dog, he won’t stare at you while you’re eating, if you leave food on the ground he won’t touch it, but if you have tortilla chips in your hand you better watch out! The first thing to come is the drool. It’s like someone attached a waterfall to his lips. Then comes the small, pitiful whines and the big brown eyes.

Can't see Barnabas taking a treat? Try watching him on YouTube instead.

How has Barnabas changed your life?
In so many ways! He taught me to never lose my patience. I never yell or raise my voice at the dogs, I am a strictly Positive Reinforcement dog trainer, but arguments between humans happen sometimes. These upset Barnabas so much that he’ll climb into my lap and groom me, like he's trying to calm me down. He'll stay there until the argument has passed.

He taught me that no matter how ‘scary’ one looks, a kind heart almost always wins people over. He also taught me that some people are too afraid to see past the intimidating looks, and that that is okay. They aren’t ready. That's just fear. He taught me that cuddles fix everything, especially when you get to cuddle with your two best doggy friends.

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How will you celebrate the holidays?
Lola and Barnabas will get a dog friendly but festive dinner, and have gifts to open. Lola unwraps her gifts herself, I'm curious to see if Barnabas will do the same! 

What’s going to be in Barnabas’s Christmas stocking this year?
It's a tradition in my family to hang stockings for everyone. Yes, everyone! I have a stocking made for Lola, and am in the process of sewing Barnabas'.

We stock them with cookies from our local pet shop (the only local one that doesn't sell puppies, I don't want to support that!), and toys.

Barnabas will be getting a dog tag with his name and information on it, because he lost his other one on a hike. Lola is getting a pack of kong squeak tennis balls, her absolute favorite.

Thank you for being an animal hero to Barnabas (and Lola!) Gabrielle—wishing you and all our wonderful adopters a very Happy Holidays, and lots of fun adventures in the years to come!

Find your Barnabas todayadopt.
Donate now and help us continue providing a safe place for companion animals in need.


By Jen Mannas, PAWS Naturalist

Our winter-over wildlife patients at PAWS are settling in for the winter. Bobcat 142086 08182014 JM (1)

Three of our Bears are starting to hibernate and our Bobcat kittens have been introduced to each other; they will be spending the winter together.

Our two Bobcat patients came to us as small orphans, one in July (pictured, top) and one in October (pictured, bottom).

Overall they were both healthy but they were too young to survive on their own. They have been housed in separate enclosures until now.

Although Bobcats are generally solitary animals we have introduced our Bobcat kittens to each other so they can grow up together.

This will allow them to learn from each other and maintain their feisty attitude, which is essential for their survival in the wild. Bobcat 143277 Intake 10302014 JM (6)

Bobcats do not hibernate and are active all year round.

This means our two Bobcat kittens will
continue to be active all winter long.

To stimulate their natural predator instincts rehabilitators hide their food all around their enclosure encouraging them to use all of their senses to “hunt”.

Our video below gives a special behind-the-scenes glimpse into our Bobcat enclosure at PAWS Wildlife Center, where you can see our Bobcat kittens searching for food.

Can't see the video? Try watching it on our PAWS Vimeo channel instead.

More winter updates to come…


Found a wild animal?
 Find out what to do and how PAWS can help.
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By Jen Mannas, PAWS Naturalist

 Two very small owls got a lucky break in November when they were brought to The PAWS Wildlife Center for care.

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One was a two ounce Northern Pygmy-Owl who was found on the ground unable to fly and the other was a three ounce Northern Saw-Whet Owl who was a victim of a cat attack.

Both owls are so small they could fit in the palm of your hand. But don’t let their size fool you, they are not babies.

Adult Pygmy-Owls are less than seven inches long with a 12 inch wing span and adult Saw-Whet Owls are slightly larger with a 17 inch wing span.

These two owl species are among the smallest in North America and although they are similar in size they have very different behavior.

Pygmy-Owls are active during the day and hunt by sight. They have a generalized diet and eat insects, reptiles, birds and small mammals.

They are able to catch birds in mid-air and are known to eat birds that are twice their own size. They have two black patches on the back of their head, which mimic eyes, to ward off predators.

Saw-Whet Owls are active at night and hunt using their hearing. They eat mostly small mammals which they catch from low perches. They are very secretive and have irregular movement patterns.

Our two owl patients were treated for wing droops that were impeding their flight. After a few weeks of cage rest and flight testing they were deemed healthy and released back into the wild the week of November 23rd.


Make a gift and help us continue providing a safe haven for wildlife in need.

Found a wild animal? Find out what to do and how PAWS can help.


By Jen Mannas, PAWS Naturalist

PAWS Wildlife Center recently contributed to a Merlin research study being conducted in the Seattle area that is focusing on their ecology and adaptation to living in an urban environment.

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On November 9 a Merlin, who struck a window in Seattle, was brought to PAWS for medical attention. Upon arrival the Merlin was found to have some bruising and an injured shoulder. He was put on cage rest and was under observation to monitor his condition.

By November 15 he was flying well in his outside enclosure and taken out of veterinarian care. By November 18 he was ready to be released. That's when we called in the Merlin researchers.

Merlins are a relatively small raptor with a wingspan of 2 feet and weighing in at less than half a pound.There are three sub-species of Merlin found in North America with the black Merlin calling Washington its home year round.

Black Merlins nest in Seattle and were first documented doing so in 2008. Little is known about the basic ecology of this subspecies and it is the subject of a recent research study conducted by Ben Vang-Johnson (Puget Sound Bird Observatory Board Member) and Kim McCormick (Seattle Audubon Member).

The focus of their study is to determine nest site characteristics, nesting success, site fidelity (returning to the same site to breed), pair fidelity (staying with the same mate), track annual movements and juvenile dispersal as well as estimate nest density of black Merlins in the Seattle area.

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In order to collect data for their study Ben and Kim have been banding Merlins in the Seattle area under a federal bird banding permit.

Merlins are captured in the wild, a silver numeric band is placed on one leg and a colored band (blue or red) is placed on the other leg, then they are released. Each band has a number or letter code on it identifying the individual Merlin (pictured right).

By monitoring the banded birds and by receiving sightings from the public Ben and Kim will have the data they need to help us better understand these fascinating birds.

On the morning of November 18, Ben and Kim stopped by the Wildlife Center to band our Merlin patient. They took several measurements, got his weight, and took photos of any feather markings. Once banded PAWS staff transported and released him back to where he was found near Lake Washington. Now we wait with hope that he is seen again and contributes valuable information for this important study.

Can't see the video? Try watching it on our PAWS Vimeo channel instead.

If you see a banded merlin, or merlin breeding activity, please contact Ben or Kim.


Found a wild animal?
 Find out what to do and how PAWS can help.
Make a gift and help us continue providing a safe haven for wildlife in need.


By Katherine Spink, PAWS Staff

As we celebrate Thanksgiving, we're thankful for all the wonderful people who visit PAWS with adoption in mind, and give our adorable adoptables a second chance at life—including Steph, who came into Summer's life in September 2013. 

What made you decide to adopt from a shelter?
My family always got our pets from shelters so, from a very young age, I learned the importance of adopting animals in need rather than buying them from breeders.

Summer 2

How did you first find out about Summer?
I found her on the PAWS website. I loved her description and thought she'd be a perfect fit for me.

Summer was the name she came with and it seems to fit her so well. She answers to her name and even comes when we call her.

What was it that most attracted you to her?
I first fell in love with her look. She's a largish girl, half fluff, with a very pretty coat and face. Summer also has the personality I wanted in a cat; mellow, people loving, cuddle bug, and talkative.

The way she was described online was fairly spot on, which was very helpful to me in choosing between the options I had.

How was your adoption experience with PAWS?
A member of staff had had a lot of one on one time with Summer so I was able to chat with her to get more info about the kitty I was taking home.

Her previous owner had also filled out a long survey detailing a lot of information about her, so I was able to learn a lot about her that I couldn't see while she was in the shelter.

The meet and greet rooms were nice for getting a little time with the cats one on one. Checking out the colony rooms was fun too.

Briefly tell us about your first journey home and how the “settling in” period went. 
Summer was in her little cardboard kitty box and was very quiet. She would put her little paw out of one of the holes to reach out and touch me in the car. When I got home I had my bathroom all set up for her to spend her first few days settling in. I opened up the box and she started to purr, and gave me a dainty little mew.

Summer hung out in a hooded cat bed for a bit. Since she was so relaxed I decided to open the door and let her explore if she wanted. It wasn't long before she cuddled with me on the couch, then flopped on the floor on her back with her white tummy all exposed. It certainly didn't take long for her to get comfortable!

What have you experienced together since Summer became a part of your family?
We actually moved across the country together this summer, as I got into graduate school in North Carolina.

Summer 3

Five days in the car may have been rough with any other pet, but Summer did it like a champ! It took until day 3 for her to decide she was done with it and start yelling at us to go home (see picture below)!

 

I've also discovered she's not a very good huntress. I told her that since the new apartment had a pet rent of $10 each month she would need to kill some of the bugs we were finding in the house. The south is full of bugs.

Well, she tried, but she prefers to find the bug and cry while sitting next to it until I come over and squish it.

How has Summer changed your life?
She's given me a greater appreciation for older cats. When I was choosing between her and other potential cats, several people told me it was foolish to get an older pet as I wouldn't have as much time with her as I would a younger pet.

If I'd listened to them, I wouldn't have gotten Summer and that would have been a shame. She is perfect for me and brings me so much joy.

Any Thanksgiving plans?
If she has her way, Summer will be eating all of the turkey!

Thanks for sharing your story Steph, and for being Summer's animal hero! 

Find your Summer todayadopt.
Donate now and help us continue providing a safe place for companion animals in need.


By Jen Mannas, PAWS Naturalist

The end of October marked the release of some special spring patients from PAWS Wildlife Center. Five River Otters, who staff had been caring for since May, were finally old enough to fend for themselves and survive on their own in the wild.

When they came to us back in the spring they weighed two pounds and were only a few weeks old. Three of them were siblings whose mother had been killed by a trapper and the other two were found orphaned and alone.

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The five pups were introduced to each other and housed together where they played and romped around like wild River Otter babies should. They were given enrichment items and experiences to stimulate natural feeding behaviors, a large pool to swim and dive in, and they were monitored remotely by our rehabilitators to ensure they were growing, behaving and socializing normally.

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And that they were!

By the end of August their behavior and size demanded that we needed to split them up into two groups. This gave them more room to romp and ensured they did not become food aggressive with each other. The three siblings were kept together and the other two were moved to another enclosure where they awaited release.

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By mid-October it was apparent that these, once little, otter pups had grown into sleek sub-adults and were ready to face the wild on their own.

PAWS collaborated with the King County Parks Department to research and choose very suitable release sites for both groups. The group of two otters was released on October 20, and the three siblings were released on October 28.

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Seeing these otters experience Puget Sound for the first time was quite an event. Staff and volunteers looked on as they explored their new home; sniffing and feeling the rocks, rolling in the incoming waves and running along the beach in unison. They were obviously excited to be released into their natural habitat.

We wish them luck and were so happy to see them back in the wild where they belong.

Make a donation and help us continue providing a safe haven for recovering wildlife at PAWS.
Found a wild animal? Find out what to do and how PAWS can help.


By Jen Mannas, PAWS Naturalist

The beginning of November marks one of the biggest releases of the year at PAWS Wildlife Center, our Black-tailed deer release.

This year we cared for five deer throughout the spring and summer who all came to us in May as spotted fawns (pictured below, with ear tags used to identify individuals). These youngsters were all assumed to be orphaned as some were seen alone for more than 24 hours and others were found standing near their deceased mother or sibling.

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Columbian Black-tailed deer are classified as a subspecies of the mule deer; their range is from southern Canada to central California and are found along the Pacific coast east to the Cascades.

They are the most common deer subspecies in Washington and are very similar in appearance to Rocky Mountain mule deer. However, black-tailed deer are smaller and have a broader tail that is completely covered with black hairs.

They are very adaptable and can live in a variety of habitats. Their main food source is browse (the growing tips of trees and shrubs) but they also eat fruit, nuts, acorns, fungi, and lichens.

Black-tailed deer are even adaptable in how they evade predators and have evolved several tactics in addition to hiding.

Their large ears and excellent vision help them detect danger from up to 1800 feet away. They will either leave the area before the predator gets too close or try to outmaneuver it. They do so by effectively using characteristics of the terrain such as boulders, steep slopes, ledges, trees, and deadfall to place obstacles between them and their predator.

They will also erratically change direction when being perused and they may even release a scent that alarms others triggering a group formation for protection.

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Black-tailed deer breed during the fall and give birth in mid to late spring. During their first few weeks of life the fawns will be left alone for extended periods of time while their mother forages.

While alone the fawns lay flat and motionless, in a bed of grass, and their white spots camouflage them from predators. As they become stronger they feed alongside mom and are no longer dependent on her by the end of the summer.

While the deer are at PAWS our rehabilitators work very hard to raise them so that they don't become habituated. They do so by limiting all human contact to a minimum.

They have a specialized way to feed the deer formula, they spend many hours throughout the summer collecting and delivering browse, and making sure their enclosure is cleaned without direct contact with the fawns.

This takes a lot of hard work and seeing the deer released is a very meaningful event.

On November 6th the five deer they'd cared for all summer were released on large tracts of land far from people.

Our staff and volunteers looked on as the deer explored their new habitat and made their way deeper into the forest.

Found a wild animal? Find out what to do and how PAWS can help.


By Caitlin Soden, Wildlife Volunteer Program Manager

It’s a pleasure to feature Jodi Gaylord this month! Jodi started volunteering for PAWS just three months ago but she dived right in and quickly became a vital part of the team. Her positive attitude and go get ‘em nature make her such a delight, so I jumped at the chance to find out about her experiences as a PAWS Wildlife Center volunteer.

Here’s what she had to say:

Jodi

How did you come to volunteer for PAWS?
After we moved to Seattle last winter, my husband saw a call for PAWS volunteers in an online newspaper. Knowing how crazy I am about wildlife, he sent me link and I decided to see if PAWS’ philosophies gelled with my own.

What’s it like to be a volunteer with us?
BUSY! There is a lot to do and it always seems like we are racing the clock. With a few key exceptions (squirrels, anyone?), there is not a lot of hands-on animal handling. You have to check the urge to ooh and ahh at these wild patients so I also do a weekly shift at the Companion Animal Shelter.

With so many wonderful organizations to choose from why do you continue to support PAWS?
PAWS makes it easy to give something of yourself. Supporting an organization often means giving financial support, which is critical, but is never as personally fulfilling as I desire. Knowing that I play even a small part in the rehabilitation and release of a wild animal gives me a deep sense of satisfaction.

Is there anyone specific that has influenced your decision to continue volunteering?
Not any one person but an attitude. There is an atmosphere of “ask me anything” that permeates PAWS Wildlife Center. The staff are eager to share their knowledge and don’t look upon my curiosity as an intrusion.

What is the most fun you’ve had at PAWS Wildlife Center?
Cleaning the raccoon silos. Their intense curiosity makes them so much fun to observe. You can almost see their brains working as they explore their surroundings, including trying to figure out what that funny thing is we call a “broom” and attempting to catch raindrops in their paws.

What do you do when you aren’t volunteering?
Appropriately enough, I am a wildlife and landscape photographer - my husband and I run City Escapes Nature Photography. Otherwise, I lead a pretty stereotypically-domesticated life. I read like crazy, knit, crochet and bake. I am learning to play an instrument and live to spoil my husband.

What might someone be surprised to learn about you?
I don’t have a pet! I grew up with many animals including goats, chickens and even a cockatiel that flew into our house and set up shop, but my husband is terribly allergic. I share my love of wildlife with him through our travels since you really shouldn’t be getting close enough to an elephant or polar bear for your allergies to kick in.

Inspired by Jodi? Become a PAWS volunteer today and help keep Washington State wildlife thriving!
No spare time to volunteer? There's another way you can help us continue helping wild animals in need. Donate now.
Find out more about wildlife rehabilitation at PAWS.


By Jennifer Convy & Jen Mannas, PAWS Wildlife Center

Fall is in full swing at PAWS and at this time of year we typically receive seabirds at our Wildlife Center.

Washington State’s hundreds of miles of coastline bordering Puget Sound and the Pacific Ocean make it a great year round home for many seabird species. As seabirds move to their wintering habitats in the open ocean from Washington’s inland lakes, they form large feeding flocks in the open oceans. These flocks can be comprised of thousands of birds of various species, all susceptible to large storms, oil spills and obstacles such as fishing nets.

Gill-nets are commonly used in the Pacific Ocean to catch several species of fish including salmon and tuna. These nets are set at different depths in the water column to target certain species of fish and are extremely difficult to see in the water. Unfortunately this means that other species of wildlife, including seabirds and marine mammals can become entangled in these nets.

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This is what happened recently to two adult Rhinoceros Auklets that were brought to our Wildlife Center on October 21st. Luckily for them the fisherman, or fisherwoman in this case, was able to remove the birds safely from the net and bring them to PAWS for care.

PAWS rehabilitation and veterinary staff examined the auklets shortly after their arrival to find no apparent injuries. Like all seabirds we care for, we then monitored the auklets in a pool enclosure to determine if their water proofing had been compromised in any way from the entanglement.

Seabirds have an intricate feather pattern responsible for their waterproofing qualities; enabling them to float properly, dive deep for feeding, evade danger and to stay dry and warm while in their aquatic environment. In order to maintain this complex waterproofing system seabirds regularly preen their feathers back into alignment each day. If anything such as a net or oil damages their feather patterns, and they are unable to realign their feathers into place quickly and easily, the feather waterproofing system is compromised and seabirds can get hypothermia resulting in either beaching themselves or drowning.

It is a common misunderstanding to assume all water birds can float just because they are seabirds or ducks, instead their floating success all depends on their waterproofing abilities.

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After observing these auklets swimming and diving at PAWS we noticed that the waterproofing structure on their back feathers needed a bit more preening and realignment to ensure these birds would be successful post-release. They stayed at PAWS a few more days to allow them time to completely preen their feathers into place, eat well and be strong and ready for the cold ocean again.

After just 3 days in our care their feathers were back in tip-top shape and they were ready to swim free in Puget Sound once again, which is where they were released on October 24th.

Make a donation and help us continue providing a safe haven for recovering wildlife at PAWS.

Found a wild animal? Find out what to do and how PAWS can help.